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The USA influence on the Dominican Republic through History

History -

The Embassy estimates that there are about 100,000 US citizens living in the Dominican Republic; some of these with multiple nationalities. An important element of the relationship between the two countries is the fact that more than 1 million people of Dominican origin reside in the United States, most of them in Northeast metropolitan areas and some in Florida.

Relations between the United States and the Dominican Republic are excellent, and the United States has been an open supporter of the democratic support and economic development of the Dominican Republic. The Dominican government has supported many initiatives by the United States at the United Nations and among other agencies.

The two governments have worked hard in the fight against trafficking in illegal substances. The Dominican Republic has worked closely with the United States police forces to strengthen fugitive extradition problems and measures to prevent illegal migration.

The United States supports the administration and effort of the Dominican government to improve competitiveness to attract foreign investment, to fight political corruption, and to modernize the tax system. Bilateral trade is of great importance to both countries, US companies, mostly manufacturers of clothing, footwear, and electronic light, as well as companies from the United States’ energy industry, represent a large part of foreign investment in the Dominican Republic.

Exports from the United States, including those of Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands, to the Dominican Republic in 2005 totaled 5.5 billion dollars, 11% more than the previous year. The Dominican Republic exported $4.5 billion in 2006, equivalent to 75% of its export earnings. The Dominican Republic is the 47th largest trading partner of the United States. The United States Embassy works closely with Dominican companies and business groups, both taking great advantage of new opportunities in this growing market. At the same time, the embassy is working with the Dominican government to resolve a series of ongoing trade and investment disputes.

The United States of America established diplomatic relations with the Dominican Republic in 1884. Since its independence from neighboring Haiti in 1844, the country has experienced a series of coups, US military interventions and occupations, military governments, and democratic governments. The first peaceful transfer of power occurred in the Dominican Republic, from one freely-elected president to another, in 1978.

The relations of the United States with the Dominican Republic are solid, although complex. The country is an important partner in hemispheric affairs due to its position in the Caribbean as the largest economy and the second country in terms of population and territory, for its bilateral trade with the United States and its proximity to the United States. The two governments cooperate in the fight against trafficking in illicit substances and people, in the extradition of fugitives, and in the introduction of measures to prevent illegal migration.

The United States maintains a strong interest in a democratically and economically healthy and stable Dominican Republic and supports its democratic and economic development. The Dominican Republic registered the highest economic growth in Latin America during the years 2014-15, presenting stable rates and low inflation. However, wage inequality remains high and the country faces significant obstacles to maintaining such robust growth in the long term, including the poor quality of the national education system, the inability of the health system to respond adequately to the needs of the population, and the serious inefficiencies existing within the energy sector.

104 Years since the USA occupation in the Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic recalls the first military invasion suffered by the United States (USA), an attack that turns 104 years old. The North American country, at that time, had already defined its expansionary policy with the clear objective of building a great country, at any price.

From the 13 colonies that made up that nation in 1776, an expansion to the west would begin, seizing land from the natives, buying Louisiana, Florida or Alaska at very low cost, occupying Texas and inciting Mexicans to become independent from Spain and later take away a good part of their living space.

Subsequently, already having a vast territory that extended to the Pacific and even to the islands of Hawaii, Guam or the Philippines, different countries intervened, ensuring their economic and geopolitical hegemony.

They justified such interference with expansionist doctrines such as that of James Monroe and his motto “America for the Americans”, that of the supposed Manifest Destiny, to argue that God wanted the US to guide the designs of the continent, or that of the “Big Stick” (Great Club) with which Theodore Roosvelt said “Speak softly, but show the club.”

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, irresponsible governments of the Dominican Republic constantly indebted the country with loans whose interests they paid with new loans that they took to North American companies.

In May 1916, the American Government decided that it was time to intervene to collect the debt, and in the process to organize the production of raw materials that had been in short supply in Europe since the outbreak of World War I, two years ago. Thus, the move allowed them to supply sugar mainly to European countries that at that time could not produce because their sugar beet fields were devastated and most of the farmers were fighting in the trenches.

The North American troops landed in two places: Montecristi in the north, covering the distance that separated them from Santiago de los Caballeros, the second most important city in the country, and through the Port of Haina in the south, near Santo Domingo, the nation’s capital. .

At that time the Dominican president was Francisco Henríquez y Carvajal, who could only express his outrage at the American Woodrow Wilson.

The resistance of the Dominican people, in unequal strength, only manifested itself in a battle in La Barranquita, near Santiago, that lasted a few hours, and in certain actions of peasant groups in the east of the country that they called “Gavilleros”, rebuffing with some interventions. to the US troops by surprise. Gregorio Urbano Gilbert can be mentioned as a man who embodied the resistance and Américo Lugo who as an intellectual created texts denouncing the intervention.

The Americans made roads and bridges that optimized the connection of the different provinces and optimized the sugar mills to improve their profitability. They also organized the Administration, created an army: “The National Guard” and founded the Torrent System for land titling, with which many owners were stripped of their power because they could not meet the complicated requirements that the new system demanded; Thus, the United States Government was left with an infinity of plots that it used to expand the plantations.

It is no coincidence that they had also invaded Haiti since 1915, now, with the two countries under control, they brought the cheap labor to work the cane without any problem.

After the First World War, European countries gradually normalized their agricultural production, so the US was lowering sales. So from that moment, the exit from the Dominican Republic was negotiated. There were several proposals until the Dominicans ended up signing the “Hugs-Peinado” agreement for the departure of US troops from the country, not without first recognizing the new debt for the modernization of the nation, consenting to political dependence and accepting advantageous commercial relations, for those who were going to vacate the Dominican territory.

Before the invaders arrived in Dominican territory, they had invaded Colombia in 1903, Nicaragua in 1909, Mexico in 1914, Haiti in 1915 and much later, Cuba and Puerto Rico in 1898, the latter converted into a gringo and abandoned colonial And forgotten by the Yankees, she was plunged into restlessness after Hurricane Maria.

These events have demonstrated to the world the interventionist strategy of the United States with Latin America and the Caribbean that is still ongoing.



USA’s occupation 104 years ago

I hope this blog about the influence of the USA in the Dominican Republic has been helpful and informative to you if you have any questions leave them down in the comments at the end of this blog.

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  1. Serafin Fleischer says:

    Interesting bit of trivia. In 1870 the USA, under president Grant, signed a treaty with the Dominican government (and approved by the Dominican people via a plebiscite) to lease the Samana peninsula for 99 years. While the treaty was approved by all parties, the US Senate rejected the treaty by a single vote. My how the DR would have been different had this happened!